Archive for the ‘Israeli Biography’ Category

Balfour, Arthur James

July 30, 2006

British Conservative politician, prime minister 1902-05 and foreign secretary 1916-19, when he issued the Balfour Declaration 1917 and was involved in peace negotiations after World War I, signing the Treaty of Versailles.

Balfour, Arthur James (1848-1930)

Son of a Scottish landowner, Balfour was elected a Conservative member of Parliament 1874. In Lord Salisbury�s ministry he was secretary for Ireland 1887, and for his ruthless vigour was called �Bloody Balfour� by Irish nationali (more…)

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Jewish Agency and others Stern Gang- Haganah- Gush Emunim…..

July 30, 2006

Administrative body created by the British mandate power in Palestine 1929 to oversee the Jewish population and immigration. In 1948 it took over as the government of Israel.

Stern Gang


(formal name Fighters fo (more…)

Zionism

July 30, 2006

Political movement advocating the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, the �promised land� of the Bible.

1896 As a response to European anti-Semitism, Theodor Herzl published his Jewish State, outlining a scheme for setting up an autonomous Jewish commonwealth .

1897 The World Zionist Congress was established in Basel, Switzerland, with Herzl as its first president. �Hatikva� (The Hope) was adopted as the Zionist anthem, which was the unofficial anthem of Israel until 1948 when it was sung at the proclamation of the State of Israel on May 14.

1917 The Balfour Declaration was secured from Britain by Chaim Weizmann. It promised the Jews a homeland in Palestine. (more…)